Rehabilitation Addressing Personal “Dis-ease”

With head, heart, and hand!

Improving Personal Care in the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Period.

This is a time when our resilience is tested. The Coronavirus (COVID-19) is present and this is a reality. It becomes even more important to address “dis-ease” and to exercise personal care.  When we have addictive and destructive behaviours our lives often become problematic. This is exacerbated in the COVID-19 Period. This era is marked by restructuring at work, in the community, and at home. Restructuring often contributes to stress as Table 1 shows below. Table 2 illustrates different ways to cope with stress. You might find these ideas to encourage you to think about how you might adopt unique and creative strategies to lessen stress in your everyday lives.

The Coronavirus (COVID-19) has changed social practices, needs, and impacts. We have been analyzing these issues. We encourage you to look after your health – continue with your suitable hygiene regimes, physical isolation, and work from indoors. You can maintain work, school, and social connections through telephone-based and virtual meetings. Send us an email, fill out our contact form, chat with us, or call our administration. Until the government and health authorities announce that it is safe don’t try to meet with us face-to-face. There are no magic wands that we can wave to go back to a time when there was no COVID-19!

Table 1: Sources of work-related/occupational stress or trauma:

-High workloads and inadequate support

– Illness or death and loss of family and friends

– Personal history of trauma and lack of caring for one’s self

– Career damaging to admit traumatic stress

– Lack of agency and compassion fatigue

– Social pressure to remain in work

– Lack of acknowledgement for work undertaken

– Lack of experienced staff

– Violence at the workplace

– Isolation

– Inadequate employee assistance programs

– Commercialism and inadequate and unstable funding

– Maintaining currency of work-based knowledge

–  Legal claims

– Inadequate public knowledge about emotional, legal, social, and medical challenges during this period.


Table 2: Coping with work-related/ occupational stress or trauma:

–        Consult legislation, regulations, and case law

–       Access educational support to understand health policies, practices, and the regulatory environment that impacts upon COVID-19

–       Solicit and develop work-related and social supports

–       Access counselling support

–       Maintain personal care

–       Develop a balance between work and personal life

–       Seek and develop organisational support 


–       Enhance spiritual practices

–       Use humour.

The Promise of Serenity

The Trident Foundation offers screening, education, and liaison linked to addictive bahaviours, including those that are associated with drugs, alcohol, gambling, and the Internet. Individuals, couples, and families, may experience stress, or even trauma, and they could try to self-soothe or punish themselves through substance abuse and other addictions. The impact of “dis-ease” is often biological and affective and these and other factors may influence human society (Williams & Poijula, 2002). The Health and Safety Executive (as cited in the UK National Work-Stress Network, 2006, p. 1) defines stress as the “…adverse reaction people have to excessive pressure or other types of demand placed on them”. Stress can have positive or negative dimensions (Williams & Poijula, 2002), contributing to individuals preserving the lives of others, or taking life.

Williams and Sommer (1999, p. 240) suggest that “vicarious traumatization”, “secondary trauma”, “compassion fatigue”, “event countertransference” and “burnout” are all terms linked with varying reactions and forms of secondary stress. The scope of traumatology has increased with the addition of “Vicarious Traumatisation” (Steed & Downing, 1998). According to Reber (1985, p. 736) stress is linked to individuals experiencing “…physical, psychological and social forces and pressures”. An individual’s self-concept might become damaged. Under distressing or traumatising conditions, they may become involved in self-reproach through the obsessive use of food and other substances. These self-destructive patterns also reflect another form of self- harming behaviours induced through heightened stress – namely substance abuse (Herman, 1997).

Herman (1997, p. 44) mentions that traumatised individuals might become addicted to “alcohol or other drugs” and Pearlman and Saakvitne (1995) mention that they could become workaholics. Kottler (2001b) asserts that distressed individuals may seek to control others in an attempt to develop a sense of equilibrium in their personal and social lives. In 
addition, distressed individuals to 
deaden emotional responses may use nicotine.

Citations to the literature that is mentioned here are available upon request. 

The images in the slideshow on this page mainly show images from Australia. 

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